Differences in care and makeup for all skin types

Visible imperfections on the face are not always a manifestation of an unhealthy diet or poor ecology. We often provoke excessive dryness, oilyness, and early wrinkles when we try to care for our skin without understanding its type. Incorrectly selected creams and masks do not bring benefits, but only spoil our appearance. let's understand the types of skin and the features of care for it. We will give recommendations for care at different times of the year and the choice of cosmetics.

Vanessa Barnes, beautician, work experience over 8 years

Oily skin

Such type is characterized by excessive activity of the sebaceous glands, which leads to a loose texture, oily sheen, enlarged pores, and the appearance of acne. With proper daily care, all the troubles caused by oily skin can be avoided.

Oily/Clogged Pores/Severe Breakouts All-Over

In the skin of every person there are tiny holes that facilitate the flow of oxygen into the cells. They are pores. And it is rarely possible to meet a woman who is completely satisfied with the appearance and condition of her pores. So, for someone they are too wide. And for someone they are almost completely clogged, which makes it difficult for oxygen to enter the cells. As a result, the skin becomes problematic, acne appears. The solution to this problem is additional care and thorough cleansing.

Oily/Combination/Occasional Breakouts/Anti-Aging

Oily and combination skin are often combined into one type. This type is also characterized by dull skin with a grayish tint, as well as the absence of a healthy glow. With this type, women may have rashes in the so-called T-zone. It is worth noting that such rashes are not permanent, but random.

Oily/Combination/Sensitive/Consistent Breakouts

This skin type is very similar to the previous one. But the difference lies in the fact that in this case there are a few more rashes, and they appear much more often than in the first case.

Oily/Combination/Sensitive/Occasional Breakouts

With this type in women, in addition to rashes, oily sheen, there is also an increased sensitivity, which can manifest itself in form of redness, irritation.

Normal skin

Normal skin is such a hypothetical “ideal” type, which is characterized by an optimal hydrolepid balance, i.e. balanced content of water and fatty substances in the skin. This ensures that normal skin does not have chronic problems and defects.


Signs of sensitive skin can occur both individually, independently of each other, and in combination. This makes leaving a job quite difficult.

Redness (including spontaneous red spots), irritation, itching and dryness, peeling, rash (small pimples or microinflammation), burning and tingling sensation of parchment skin, manifested blood vessels and so on, unpredictable reactions to new cosmetics or any irritants (even household chemicals). A whole bunch of dubious gifts from your body.


With age, the process of cell renewal slows down significantly, the epidermis becomes more vulnerable and thinner. As a result of this damage, wrinkles, folds become more noticeable. In addition, irritation and peeling appear, and the general condition and complexion worsen. Therefore, mature skin requires special care. It is also necessary to stimulate the process of cell division of the epidermis and exfoliation of cells of the stratum corneum.

Dry skin

Dry skin is one of the most common complaints and an important indicator of health status. According to a survey of 4,500 Europeans over 15 years old, one in four noted increased skin sensitivity, most often manifested by dryness. Dry skin usually appears for some specific reason. If you correctly determine the cause (by localizing dry skin areas, in connection with certain life situations), this will allow you to choose the right care and skin restoration products.


Often dry skin can be result of cell aging. Situation is aggravated by dehydration and constant fatigue, which leads to additional deep wrinkles. As a result, the skin becomes more vulnerable, thinner, loses its former smoothness and elasticity.

Dryness/Sun damage/Aging

Dry skin can also be caused by prolonged exposure to the sun. Excessive abuse of ultraviolet rays (natural tanning, tanning beds) leads to a decrease in natural humidity, hence the skin becomes vulnerable and dry. Therefore, experts recommend using sunscreens in the summer (SPF50+), and also not be in direct sunlight from 11:00 to 16:00. It was at this time that ultraviolet light was the most dangerous for our skin.


Dry sensitive skin is characterized by constant peeling, as well as irritation and redness. Such irritations may appear in different areas, may be accompanied by itching and / or burning.

The main differences between dry and dehydrated skin

Dry and dehydrated skin are completely different concepts. If you have dry skin, you should not worry, but it is necessary to treat dehydration. Dehydration is quite easy to determine by the feeling of tightness and tightness, as if we have a film on our face that tightens the skin.

It will be even more reliable to observe the skin after a small pinch: if visible traces remain after it — that’s all, it’s definitely dehydration.

Take a look at your pores

The main sign by which these two types of skin can be distinguished is the pores. In dry skin, the pores are small, and in dehydrated skin, the pores can be wide or narrow, there is no consistency.

Notice how your skin feels after cleansing

An improperly selected cleanser reduces the effectiveness of all subsequent applied products, not to mention the fact that it can provoke skin irritation and contribute to allergic reactions.

People with dry and normal skin need to opt for moisturizing, creamy textures. And for those who have oily or combination skin, foam and gel gels are suitable. Try to buy sulfate-free products.

Think about how often you need moisturizer

Maintaining healthy skin requires consistency. Create your own schedule of care. Make hydration the priority for yourself. Moisturize your skin in the evening, daily, doing it immediately after washing. In winter, more intensive remedies should be used to cope with the dryness caused by the cold wind and the drying air in the room. In the warmer months, you need to use the humidifier or even switch to serum. If you take into account these nuances, your care is guaranteed to be optimal for your skin.

Mature skin

Mature skin is skin with initial signs of chronological aging. The physiological changes characteristic of mature skin include increased dryness, reduced firmness and elasticity, the appearance of facial and deep wrinkles, age spots, visible capillaries, bags under the eyes. Mature skin has its own specific needs and needs intensive hydration, nutrition and protection using special anti-age cosmetics.

How to identify mature skin?

The concept of mature skin is associated with a person’s age, usually the older the person, the worse the skin tone, the color changes (blood vessels, age spots appear), the skin becomes dry, even if it was oily. We also refer the appearance of wrinkles and folds to age-related changes; they can be dynamic and static (occur regardless of the function of facial muscles). Usually the woman sees the first changes herself, tries to solve the problem on her own, for example, picks up a cream, after unsuccessful experience, as a rule, she turns to specialists for advice.

At what age do we speak of mature skin?

Mature skin is a concept used in cosmetology in relation to the skin of women 35-45 years old, on which the first age-related changes occurred. However, the age of the skin does not always coincide with the date of birth in the passport. Mature skin problems can also occur at a younger age, especially if the skin is systematically exposed to adverse factors, and care is not carried out correctly or irregularly.

Is it possible to find out what your skin is

Many people do not understand why they need to know their skin type. In fact, this is very important, because your health and attractiveness directly depend on this. If you do not have information about the type of soybean skin, then you are most likely using the improper care. And this can cause significant harm to your health.

The Bare-Faced Method

Very simple way. In this case, you just need to look carefully in the mirror. This should be done after cleaning the face. If there is a gloss on the skin, then the skin is oily. If it is not present, but there is peeling-then the skin is dry.

The Blotting Sheet

For this method, you only need a blank sheet of paper. It must be applied to the face for 1 minute. Next, you need to remove it and the number of fat deposits will show what skin you have.

Is it real to change your skin type?

The type of skin changes throughout life, usually from normal to oily — then combined to dry. it all depends on hormonal exchanges in our body. in infants, it is normal, in adolescents, when secondary sexual characteristics are formed, it is oily, skin is combined by thirty years of age, and women are dry after menopause. This is the norm. All other options are deviations. If the skin is dry, when peers are oily — this is a sign of disease. If the disease is cured, the skin will take the type necessary for age.

Do Skin Types Really Change With the Seasons?

With the onset of autumn, we often face the fact that the makeup products that we are used to over the summer do not work so well. This is because, depending on the season, the properties of our skin change. The solution to seasonal cosmetic problems should begin with a visit to a specialist. Only a cosmetologist can determine the skin type as accurately as possible and recommend how to properly care for it throughout the year.

Facial skin condition that can be improved

There are some types of skin, the condition of which can be improved by exposure to its various cosmetic means.

Aging Skin

Refuse hot water and soap completely; use cleansing milk instead. Remove milk residues from the skin only with a dry cosmetic towel, do not rinse.

Never use products containing alcohol, as it dries the skin very much. Be sure to regularly use the cream, and not moisturizing, but nourishing. Do not forget about nourishing masks 1-2 times a week. They can be prepared at home on their own from available ingredients. Care should be taken with cosmetics containing the placenta. Its effectiveness has not been proven, but it is known that this component can cause severe allergies. It is possible to massage with essential oils, for example, with geranium, jasmine, neroli or rose oils, it is also useful to add to these oils more fatty base such as avocado, jojoba, peach seed or some wheat germ oil.

Dehydrated skin

Dry skin needs extra lipids (oil) to reduce the evaporation of water. If you cover the skin with something impenetrable, the water content in the stratum corneum will increase quite quickly, but if you block the skin “breathing”, the protective barrier may be damaged. In cosmetics, occlusive agents form a semi-permeable film that allows the skin to breathe. 

Such agents differ in the strength of occlusion: the first in the list is petroleum jelly, look for it in the first places in the composition if you have pathologically dry skin. Next is mineral oil; natural waxes and their esters, lanolin, animal fats, vegetable oils, squalene are slightly “weaker”. Look for ceramides, jojoba oil, mango, shea, borago, beeswax and cetyl alcohol on the label. 

Well, if the composition contains niacinamide (vitamin B3), it significantly increases the amount of fatty acids in the stratum corneum. You can also use oil serums after washing, applying peels or tonic, and if you also put a warm towel on for 10-15 minutes, this will increase the effectiveness of the procedure.

Sensitive Skin

Such skin reacts sharply to any irritating factors. To reduce risks, it is necessary to adhere to a number of rules for the care of sensitive skin. The whole range of ways to preserve the beauty and health of the epidermis on the face is divided into four main groups: cleansing; applying tonic; hydration; protection; nutrition. Means for this should be selected perfectly. Therefore, the right decision in this situation is to turn to a professional cosmetologist. Otherwise, an allergic reaction may occur.

Skin Pigmentation

Multilevel thorough care is the main rule that owners of skin prone to pigmentation must adhere to. These include:

  1. Cleansing, after which you should use a tonic.
  2. Peeling.
  3. Moisturizing.
  4. Saturation with essential vitamins and minerals. So, you should choose creams and tonics rich in minerals. You should also eat a fairly large number of fruits, vegetables and other foods rich in vitamins. In addition, from time to time you should drink a vitamin complex, which is very useful for the condition and health of the skin, hair, nails. Such complexes are sold in pharmacies. As a rule, 1 course lasts 30 days.
  5. UV protection. This is a prerequisite for pigmented skin.


Many women at any age suffer from inflammatory processes on the skin. The reason for this can be both the negative impact of the environment (sun, temperature, wind) and various cosmetics. In order to minimize the likelihood of inflammation, it is necessary to limit the use of products that contain different allergenic essential oils (oregano, bergamot, cinnamon) . Also try to choose anti-allergenic cosmetics.


High-quality daily care for problem skin prone to acne rashes is extremely important. It helps to remove excess sebum, keeps pores clean, accelerates the healing of opened blackheads. Skin care with acne does not take much time, it is enough to pay attention only twice a day to save yourself from unnecessary worries. 

Try to have breakfast, lunch and dinner regularly, do not snack on the go and dry, do not abuse spicy and fatty foods. Normal metabolism is responsible for the timely removal of toxins from the body — therefore, proper nutrition will help avoid pore contamination and the appearance of acne.

At any time of the year, try to eat more fruits and fresh vegetables. They contain the most important vitamins and minerals necessary for the rapid renewal and restoration of epidermal cells.

Dull Skin

Owners of this type of skin should adhere to certain rules in daily care:

  1. Wash only with warm water.
  2. Do not wash off the cosmetics with soap, but use a moisturizing milk or gel.
  3. When washing, all movements should be gentle. By the way, this applies not only to washing, but also wiping with a towel. You do not need to rub it with a towel, but just gently pat it on your face.
  4. If there is no acne and irritation, 1 time in 1-2 weeks it is recommended to do peeling with a scrub. You can buy a scrub, but you can also prepare the product at home.
  5. Also, once a week, apply nourishing and moisturizing masks.

The hardware procedures that give radiance to the skin include non-injection mesotherapy, biorevitalization. During the session, with the help of a special device that works on the surface of the skin, beneficial vitamins, minerals and hyaluronic acid are delivered to the deep layers of the dermis, nourishing, moisturizing and rejuvenating. To the hardware techniques include laser procedures. Using a laser, you can not only give the skin a radiance, but also rejuvenate it and cope with inflammation.

Massage improves muscle tone, blood supply, lymphatic drainage. After the session, the natural radiance of the skin is also restored. Massage can be done in the salon or on your own at home.

What type of moisturizer should i use for my skin type

Normal skin

Owners of normal skin type are real lucky, since this type of skin does not require any special care. When choosing a day cream, give preference to those that have a moisturizing effect. Night is better to be nutritious. At a more mature age, use collagen creams, this will help eliminate wrinkles.

Oily skin

This type of skin is one of the most problematic. Its owners are faced with acne, enlarged pores, a constant greasy shine. The advantage of this skin is that the first wrinkles on it begin to appear after 30. Oily skin requires special care, an important role in which is played by face cream.

Professional cosmetologists advise you to choose a cream, which will necessarily include natural ingredients. Various extracts will become a reliable assistant in the fight against oily sheen, in addition, they fight inflammation and give a light matting effect. Therefore, for daily care, choose a moisturizer with extracts, it must be written on the package that it is suitable for oily skin.

Dry skin

This is the most demanding type. Due to the fact that the skin is susceptible to constant exposure to external factors, the first wrinkles begin to appear on them very quickly. Dry skin is very soft and smooth to the touch. Due to the fact that it constantly lacks moisture, it is prone to peeling.

To maintain the epidermis in good condition, you need to use creams with moisturizing and soothing properties. Included in the composition of gealuronic acid, is associated with the preservation of moisture.

Collagen gives the skin firmness and elasticity, natural oils support the beauty. Therefore, you should choose a moisturizer, which indicates that this cream is suitable for dry skin. In the summer, do not forget about the protective factor SPF.

Problematic skin

This is the most demanding type. Due to the fact that the skin is susceptible to constant exposure to external factors, the first wrinkles begin to appear on them very quickly. Dry skin is very soft and smooth to the touch. Due to the fact that it constantly lacks moisture, it is prone to peeling.

To maintain the epidermis in good condition, you need to use creams with moisturizing and soothing properties. Included in the composition of gealuronic acid, is associated with the preservation of moisture.

Collagen gives the skin firmness and elasticity, natural oils support the beauty. Therefore, you should choose a moisturizer, which indicates that this cream is suitable for dry skin. In the summer, do not forget about the protective factor SPF.

What type of moisturizer should i use for my skin type

First of all, focus on your skin type. Many manufacturers, understanding the problems of women, produce bases for different types of skin. So, for example, many makeup bases contain UV filters that can protect you from premature skin aging under the influence of sunlight. Such products should be chosen by everyone, but first of all, they are necessary for owners of dry skin.

For oily skin

For the greasy type, you should choose matting bases that slightly dry the skin, removing the unwanted oily sheen.

In addition, many bases contain hundreds of tiny retroreflective particles that remove light from the skin, making fine lines and spots less noticeable. Thus, to hide the flaws will be much easier.

If you are looking for a matte foundation that is incredibly weightless and easy to use — Fit Me Matte + Poreless foundation is a great option. It minimizes the appearance of pores and contains blurry micropowders that help absorb oil throughout the day. It does not dry out too quickly, so you can take your time to achieve this seamless blend. It comes in 14 different shades to match your skin tone.

For combined skin

It is difficult to choose the ideal remedy. The texture should not be too thick. A suitable tonal foundation does not stretch or oily the face. An example of a suitable foundation is Alliance Perfect, Perfect Merge, L’Oréal Paris.

In addition to a complex of 7 pigments, the formula contains essential oils for skin care, vitamins E and B6, which are responsible for the anti-aging and antioxidant effects. The weightless texture adapts to the skin, guaranteeing comfort and durability.

For dry skin

The main thing is the moisturizing effect. The composition of such cosmetics includes hyaluronic acid and oils. In the composition, micro-sparkles are appropriate, which will give additional shine.

Synchro Skin Glow’s innovative intelligent formula allows the product to adapt to dry skin, nourishing it well. Argan oil deeply saturates the dermis with fatty acids. Thyme extract has a powerful antioxidant effect, and yuzu seed has a restoring effect. Thanks to these ingredients, hyaluronic acid production is increased. Beauty bloggers add that the Synchro Skin Glow Luminizing Foundation’s satin finish, a beautiful blend of shading, does not clog into the pores and does not flow.

For problem skin

Means should not have a pinkish tint. Such a person is prone to inflammation and redness. The best option will be dense creams with olive undertones, marked SPF, matte. I recommend corrective care with tonal effect for skin prone to redness, Rosaliac CC Creme, SPF 30, La Roche-Posay.  This foundation conceals redness of any origin and soothes the skin due to the component of ambofenol and special “smart” pigments. An additional feature is sun protection.

For normal skin

You can buy any foundation that you like. It can have a matte or glossy finish. The only thing that makeup artists recommend for the winter is to buy a denser, thicker product.

Dior Diorskin Forever is perhaps the best foundation for normal skin. The cream has a fluid texture, due to which the tone lays with a light veil, creating the effect of “velvety” skin. At the same time, Dior Diorskin Forever hides skin imperfections well and looks very natural.

Want to learn more about the features of the skin, how to care for it professionally? I recommend taking courses for cosmetologists. On them you will learn about various procedures that prolong youth and skin health.