What causes cracked heels
There are many reasons that can cause cracks in the heels of men and women. We list the most basic:
- Vitamin deficiency. This is especially true of vitamins A, E, F.
- Water deficiency in the body. Due to a lack of water, the skin may become dry, crack, peel off. This also applies to the heels.
- Fungal diseases.
- Seasonal Irritants (open shoes, salty sea water, sea pebbles).
- Violation of the work of some internal organs.
- Close uncomfortable shoes that rub calluses
Why you should consult a doctor in case of
The cracks in the heels can be a symptom of some disease (diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, obesity). In order not to aggravate the condition of the heels and not harm the inactivity, it is better to consult a dermatologist if you find the following alarming symptoms:
With constant loads on the feet, there is a risk of cracking. This category includes athletes. Therefore, it is very important for such people to regularly visit doctors for preventive purposes.
This phenomenon is usually observed in decompensated diabetes. In this condition, the skin on the foot looks like dry, cracked ground. Cracks are usually deep. Also, pay attention to your toes. Between them, watery blisters may appear that burst. Also, age spots appear. In this case, you need to pass tests and consult a doctor.
One of the most common orthopedic problems today is bunion. Pathology is a bump on the outside of the thumb on the foot. Bursitis is not a fatal disease and in most cases is not displayed on the quality of life.
But as the disease progresses, it causes a lot of inconvenience, and in some cases serious suffering, especially when an inflammatory process is added to the deformity of the foot.
It is generally accepted that corns come from wearing tight shoes. It really is. But, no matter how strange it sounds, there is a connection between the condition of the liver and the skin of the lower leg and feet.
Corns and bad skin on the legs can be in a person whose liver is “spoiled” by the wrong way of life. Therefore, it is necessary first of all to check the condition of the liver, and then throw out tight shoes.
It is an inflammation of the muscle tissue in the foot area. This is due to excessive stretching of the fascia, as well as excessive load on the legs.
Various diseases, physiologically incorrect lifting of the foot, overweight and flat feet can also cause muscle microtrauma.
Timely diagnosis will reveal fasciitis at an early stage of development and eliminate it as soon as possible. A person should seek the advice of an orthopedist if unpleasant feelings in the legs are observed in the morning and evening hours, which are necessarily accompanied by a burning sensation of muscles.
It is a very common disease of the musculoskeletal system, which is manifested by pain in the heel. Most often, women suffer from wearing high-heeled shoes. Also, the causes of heel spurs can be longitudinal flatfoot, previous infections, excess weight. However, the exact cause of the spur can not always be identified.
The most common symptom of a spur is heel pain. When feeling the foot, the doctor is looking for the most painful area. Usually it is located in the region of the internal process of the calcaneal tuber, that is, closer to the inner edge of the calcaneus.
This is a very urgent problem for patients with diabetes. Previously, it was believed that this was a consequence of atrophy of the interosseous muscles due to motor diabetic polyneuropathy.
Then, studies with MRI showed that there is muscle atrophy, but does not correlate with the coarseness of the fingers. Therefore, it turns out that the reason for the coracoidity is unknown.
Mallet or hammer toe
With a hammer-like deformation of the toes, the first phalanx is curved. As a result, the finger is constantly in a bent position. Such a disease is characteristic of middle-aged people. In the initial stages, pathology can be corrected by conservative methods; in the later stages, surgery is required.
Gout has been known since antiquity and was first described by Hippocrates. Men suffer from it 2–7 times more often than women. The peak of the disease occurs at the age of 40-50 years.
After menopause in women, in the absence of estrogen, gout is also characteristic of them. The relationship of gout with the nature of nutrition was noted during the war, when the incidence of it was sharply reduced due to lack of meat.
The most common reason is to wear tight shoes that press the tip of the nail and it grows into the underlying soft tissue. Very high heels can also cause nail ingrowth, as the toes are continuously pressed on top and bottom while walking. Another cause of nail ingrowth is their incorrect trimming, when the nails are rounded, as on the hands. To avoid ingrowth, toenails must be cut in a straight line and slightly lower. Children should also not trim the corners of the nails.
With the development of the inflammatory process, medical care is required.
Fungal nail infection
Fungus is an infectious disease that affects the skin of the feet. The causative agents of infection are parasitic fungi that provoke peeling, thickening, layering of scales and other structural changes in the skin.
When combing the lesions, there is a risk of secondary infections, especially when it comes to the legs. The fungus on the heels is treated with topical or systemic antifungal drugs.
They improve the condition of tissues and destroy pathogens. Untimely therapy of the disease is fraught with the spread (generalization) of infection and damage to the whole organism.
Papillomavirus enters the human body through microscopic cracks that occur on the legs. The process of infection with a non-cellular infectious agent occurs in baths, saunas or fitness centers. The microorganism may not manifest for a long time, reduce the protective properties of the body.
It is one of the most common injuries after bone fractures. You can get this damage when landing on your feet from a great height, or when a heavy object falls on your leg.
Such an injury will necessarily be accompanied by extremely painful sensations, so it becomes difficult to ignore or endure pain.
It is a deformation of the shape of the foot with a decrease and flattening of its arch. With this deformation, the feet completely lose their spring and shock absorbing abilities.
In a normal state, a person’s foot has one arch and three arches. The arch performs a very important function — maintaining balance and cushioning while walking. But if the muscles and ligaments stop working and become weak, then there is a violation of the normal shape of the foot — it settles and becomes completely flat, losing its mainspring function.
With diabetes, patients have various skin problems, such as: dryness, itching, pigmentation, neuropathy (causes severe pain in the heels, in advanced cases it becomes a black heel). At the initial stages of the disease, there are practically no symptoms, except for a little discomfort, the limbs may go numb at night. But soon the pains become stronger, the heels crack, it comes to the point that it becomes painful to walk.
The heel is a shock absorber that helps with running and walking, it has the greatest formation of bone, surrounded by fiber fat. A healthy foot also protects the spine thanks to its cushioning features. With heel injuries, or any illnesses, all these functions are violated, especially the spine, and with it the spinal cord.
Most often, with this disease, the sesamoid bones of the first to suffer, because when walking, dancing, playing sports, especially running, a person relies on them. Therefore, strong and constant physical activity can lead to injury.
Despite the fact that the size of these bones does not exceed the size of a pea, they play a huge role in the comfortable walking of a person.
With this disease, one of the plantar nerves, which provide the innervation of the fingers, is affected. Formation is located at the place of their division into branches that go to the toes. This also occurs near the heads of the metatarsal bones, passing by which, the nerve is compressed by the transverse ligament of the foot.
How to heal cracked heels fast with home remedies
There are a lot of effective folk remedies that help fight this trouble. Below we consider popular folk remedies for their treatment and try to figure out which vitamins you need to include in your diet in order to prevent the appearance of cracks.
Listerine and vinegar
At the pharmacy, buy a bottle of glycerin, then add apple cider vinegar to it so that the bottle is completely filled. If you have purchased a bottle that is filled with glycerin in the neck, then you need to pour a fourth out of it, and then pour apple cider vinegar there. Soak the gauze with the resulting solution, attach it to problem areas, warm your feet with polyethylene and terry socks.
Compress should be left overnight. In the morning, you need to rinse your feet with water at room temperature and grease with cream. The procedure can be repeated 3-4 times a week until a tangible result is visible.
Rice flour, honey, and vinegar
Rice flour is very effective in treating cracked heels. This is an amazing exfoliator that removes dead skin cells and prevents the appearance of cracks and dryness. Honey is a natural moisturizer that absorbs moisture and makes skin smooth and soft.
From rice flour, we suggest making a scrub for the skin of the legs. We need rice flour, honey and apple cider vinegar. Rice flour can be made quickly by grinding rice in a blender or coffee grinder. Mix all the ingredients in equal proportions, so that a thick slurry is obtained. Make a warm foot bath. When the skin softens, apply gruel on the feet and carefully massage the skin, paying attention to rough skin, rinse with warm water.
Pieces of rice flour gently exfoliate the skin, heal the cracks, fill the honey with vitamins, and apple cider vinegar disinfects.
If it’s not convenient for you to leave the product on your skin all night, you can try out this instant mask. For its preparation you will need: one large banana (or two small), half a medium avocado. Peel the products, mash their pulp and mix until smooth. Spread the product evenly over the skin of the feet and leave for 40 minutes. Further, the remains of the mask can be washed off and lubricated with a nourishing cream.
Vegetable oils also have moisturizing properties, and do not forget about the healing and disinfecting effect. As a rule, in such situations, lotions are made from olive or almond oil, experts use castor and other types of oils.
First you should steam your legs, and soak the he besh socks with the selected type of oil and put them on your feet, wrap the feet in polyethylene.
After a few hours, remove this compress, but it is better to leave it all night, after such procedures, the skin on the heels will become soft, and soon the cracks will begin to heal.
Baking soda is a universal remedy that can solve a number of heel skin problems: dryness, peeling, pollution.
Cracks and corns can also be treated with soda. With regular use, the product is able to transform the legs, prepare them for the beach season.
The steaming water is taken at a hot but comfortable foot temperature. Soda is thoroughly dissolved in a liquid. You can use decoctions of chamomile, linden, calendula. So that the water does not cool too quickly, cover the basin with a towel. Feet should be steamed for 15-20 minutes.
Aloe vera gel
This recipe will be most effective if you have deep cracks and infection can get into them. Aloe disinfects and heals such wounds very well. And preparing a medicine can be very simple. Before you go to sleep, grind a leaf of aloe and attach to the heels, wrapping polyethylene. In the morning you can wash it off with warm water and soap.
Vaseline and Lemon Juice
If you have shallow cracks on the heels and the skin does not peel, then buy petroleum jelly in a pharmacy or in a store; cosmetic petroleum jelly is often found in the store, it will also work.
Apply clean petrolatum in rubbed movements with lemon juice, paying special attention to the roughened skin of your feet, put on socks. Do it before going to bed. After the first use of this gel, the skin will become noticeably softer.
Another way to quickly get rid of cracks in the heels. Epsom salt is known for its ability to remove toxins from the skin, improve blood circulation, this is perfectly consistent with the goal of getting rid of cracks in the feet. Dissolve half a glass of Epsom salts in the foot bath, soak your feet for 10 minutes, then treat them with a pumice stone.
How to fix cracked heels permanently
In order to prevent appearing of cracks on the heels, you should follow only a few simple rules:
- Using an emollient or humectant moisturizer. Regularly moisturize the skin of the legs, this will reduce the likelihood of cracks.
- Wearing 100 percent cotton socks to bed. Natural underwear and bedding will protect your heels from drying out and damage.
- Applying a keratolytic to thickened skin. This is a softener for the skin of the feet or cuticles for further easy removal manually, or with the help of caps-nozzles during hardware processing.
- Gently rubbing thickened skin with a pumice stone. When using cleaning products do not need to overdo it and use them with great care.
- Using a liquid bandage. In recent years, the adhesive plaster in liquid form has become popular, allowing you to quickly process and close the wound in the shortest possible time. The product is presented in the form of a liquid, which, after spraying and drying, creates a film on the skin. It is great for treating abrasions and cuts in poorly accessible areas. Such an adhesive plaster will help to avoid infection, the skin under it «breathes», and this is important for further recovery.
Medical pedicure is a number of hygienic procedures for the care of nails and feet, which is cosmetic and therapeutic in nature. The goal is to improve the appearance of the nail plates, prevent the occurrence of fungal diseases, improve the quality of life of the client. Unlike the classic pedicure, chemical creams, special suspensions that are safe for humans, and not water, are used for cleaning. The softening effect has a beneficial effect on the keratinized layers.
Having studied professional pedicure courses, you have the opportunity to find a job and get decent pay for the provision of foot care services.